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fix

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[fɪks] [fɪks]

vt.固定;准备;修理;使牢固

vi.固着;变硬;安定

n.困境;定位于;受操纵的事;应急措施

常用短语

  1. fix on

    确定,固定,使集中于

  2. fix up

    修理,解决,改进,为…作好安排,商妥

  3. hot fix

    热修复

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. I'll fix supper.

    我来准备晚餐。

    《牛津词典》

  2. Who should fix it?

    谁应该修复它?

  3. I'll fix a meeting.

    我要安排一次会议。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

反义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“修理,修复”的意思,区别是:
  • mend 通常指较简单的修复过程,一般不需要专门技术或特殊工具。

    repair可与mend换用,但一般指需要较高的职业技能和使用较复杂的工具进行修理。

    patch 通常指用类似材料修补破洞、裂缝或磨损的地方。

    fix 多用于美语,仅用于指带有安装固定性质的修理。

    词根: -fix- 固定
  1. fix [fɪks] vt. 固定;准备;修理;使牢固 vi. 固着;变硬;安定 n. 困境;定位于;受操纵的事;应急措施

    fix: -fix-固定

  2. fixate [ˈfɪkˌset] v. 视线移向;注视;使固定

    fixate: -fix-固定 + -ate 动词后缀 → 使固定,注视

  3. affix [əˈfɪks] vt. 附加;粘贴;加以;盖(印章)

    affix: af-去 + -fix-固定 → 去固定上去 → 附加,粘贴

单词家谱

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fix 使固定,安装;确定,安排

来源于拉丁语动词figo,figere,fixi,fixus(固定,安装)。

-fix-固定,安装 → fix

fix 固定

来自拉丁语figere,固定,来自PIE*dhigw,挖,固定,词源同dig,ditch.

fix (v.)

late 14c., "set (one's eyes or mind) on something" (a figurative use), probably from Old French verb *fixer, from fixe "fixed," from Latin fixus "fixed, fast, immovable; established, settled," past-participle adjective from figere "to fix, fasten, drive, thrust in; pierce through, transfix," also figurative, from PIE root *dheigw- "to pierce, stick in;" hence "to fix, fasten."

Sense of "fasten, attach" is c. 1400; that of "to make (colors, etc.) fast or permanent" is from 1660s. The meaning "settle, assign" evolved into "adjust, arrange" (1660s), then "to repair" (1737), but this sometimes was objected to (see below). Sense of "tamper with" (a fight, a jury, etc.) is from 1790. As euphemism for "castrate a pet" it dates from 1930. Related: Fixed; fixing.

To fix is to make fast, or permanent; to set immoveably, &c.: hence, to fix a watch, is to stop it, or prevent it from 'going;' which, it must be admitted, is a very unsatisfactory mode of repairing that article. [Seth T. Hurd, "A Grammatical Corrector; or, Vocabulary of the Common Errors of Speech," 1847]

fix (n.)

"position from which it is difficult to move," 1809, American English, from fix (v.). Meaning "dose of narcotic" is from 1934, shortened from fix-up (1867, originally in reference to liquor). Meaning "reliable indication of the position of a ship, plane, etc." (by reference to fixed positions) is from 1902.

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