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weather

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[ˈwɛðɚ] [ˈwɛðɚ]

n.天气, 气象;暴风雨

vt.& vi.晒干, 风化

vt.平安渡过, 挨过;[地]使风化

常用短语

  1. all weather

    全天候

  2. bad weather

    恶劣的天气

  3. good weather

    好天气

  4. 更多词组短语 »

场景例句

  1. The weather was bad.

    天气恶劣。

    《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》

  2. This weather won't last.

    这种天气持续不了多久。

    《牛津词典》

  3. The weather was ghastly.

    天气糟透了。

    《牛津词典》

  4. 更多双语例句 »

近义词

同义词辨析

  • 以下词都有“天气,气候”的意思,区别是:
  • climate 指某一地区常年的气候情况,包括气温、降雨量。还可用作比喻。

    weather 指某地区具体的短时间内的天气,包括晴雨寒暖等情况。

    词根: -weather-
  1. weather [ˈwɛðɚ] n. 天气, 气象;暴风雨 vt.& vi. 晒干, 风化 vt. 平安渡过, 挨过;[地]使风化

    weather: -weather-风 → 由风引申风化,天气,经受天气考验等

单词家谱

鼠标或手指放在单词上看含义,点击单词看详细信息

weather 天气,风化,经受住

来自 PIE*we-dhro,吹,天气,词源同 wind,风,*dhro,名词后缀,比较 father,mother.由风引申 天气,风化,经受天气考验等。

weather 天气,风化,经受住

来自PIE*we-dhro,吹,天气,词源同wind,风,*dhro,名词后缀,比较father,mother。由风引申天气,风化,经受天气考验等。

weather (n.)

Old English weder "air, sky; breeze, storm, tempest," from Proto-Germanic *wedra- "wind, weather" (source also of Old Saxon wedar, Old Norse veðr, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch, Dutch weder, Old High German wetar, German Wetter "storm, wind, weather"), traditionally said to be from PIE *we-dhro-, "weather" (source also of Lithuanian vėtra "storm," Old Church Slavonic vedro "good weather"), suffixed form of root *we- "to blow." But Boutkan finds this "problematic from a formal point of view" and finds only the Slavic word a likely cognate.

Alteration of -d- to -th- begins late 15c., though such pronunciation may be older (see father (n.)). In nautical use, as an adjective, "toward the wind" (opposed to lee).

Greek had words for "good weather" (aithria, eudia) and words for "storm" and "winter," but no generic word for "weather" until kairos (literally "time") began to be used as such in Byzantine times. Latin tempestas "weather" (see tempest) also originally meant "time;" and words for "time" also came to mean weather in Irish (aimsir), Serbo-Croatian (vrijeme), Polish (czas), etc. Weather-report is from 1863. Weather-breeder "fine, serene day which precedes and seems to prepare a storm" is from 1650s.

Surnames Fairweather, Merriweather probably reflect disposition; medieval lists and rolls also include Foulweder, Wetweder, Strangweder.

weather (v.)

"come through safely," 1650s, from weather (n.). The notion is of a ship riding out a storm. Sense of "wear away by exposure" is from 1757. Related: Weathered; weathering. Old English verb wederian meant "exhibit a change of weather."

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